My Home Town "Peebles"
Origin of the name "Peebles":
The GAELIC name for Peebles is "Na Publian"
Peebles is a small Borders town, in the Scottish Borders, situated approximately 23 miles south of Edinburgh and about 56 miles from Glasgow, and straddles the River Tweed, surrounded by hills, farms and forests. This quiet south eastern corner of Scotland, clean air and bright sunshine encourages visitors throughout the year. Peebles is located on the spur of land that lies between the the River Tweed and Eddlston Water, with the River Tweed flowing east towards Berwick and the sea, and the Eddleston Water flowing from the north, whose valley has long been an important communications route between Edinburgh and the Scottish Borders. Peebles, whose heart lies in its main shopping area, formed by High Street and Eastgate. This area was largely built in the second half of the 1500s.
Today, Peebles is the third largest town in the Borders and occupies both banks of the River Tweed. The road network enables people to travel easily to Edinburgh, Glasgow or elsewhere in the Borders. Through all the changes of recent years Peebles still retains its historic layout, and during the summer months you can have guided tour of the town. There are plenty of places that do bed & breakfast as well as the hotels, both large and small. There is also two camping & caravan sites for those who prefer the outdoor type of holiday. Golf, fishing (trout & salmon), mountain biking and walking are popular pursuits. Over recent years an Osprey watch has been set up at GlenTress . In the summer the Peebles events calendar includes the Beltane Week, Agricultural Show, Arts Festival and the Highland Games along with other local events.
Set behind the southside of the High Street are the broad grassy and tree-line banks of the River Tweed. This is crossed by Tweed Bridge close to the Old Parish Church, (the first stone bridge across the Tweed and originally built in 1426). It was altered in 1799 and widened from 8ft to 21ft in 1834 and then to 40ft in 1900. There is a stone inscription on the parapet commemorating the 1834 widening "by subscription". Below Eastgate the River Tweed is crossed by the Priorsford Bridge, an iron suspension pedestrian bridge built in 1905 to replace an earlier one from 1817.To the west, and situated in Hay Lodge Park, there is another foot bridge which has recently had access for wheelchairs to cross over added to it. This bridge (Fotheringham Bridge) was donated to the town by ********* in *****
The historic core of Peebles - the "Old Town" - lies
to the west of the junction of the River Tweed and Eddleston Water.
By the reign of King David (1124-1153) Peebles was already a Royal Burgh.
King William I (1165-1214) confirmed that the two chief courts of justice were to be held annually either in Edinburgh or Peebles.
During the wars of Independence, King Edward I of England visited Peebles in 1301 and 1306. Edward appointed his man (William de Dureme) sheriff in place of Sir Simon Fraser of Neidpath, who had joined with William Wallace in his attempt to free Scotland.
In the 15th and 16th centuries many visits were made to the town by the monarchy, King James III in particular was a frequent visitor. Peebles was relatively untouched by the conflicts (both internal and external) that characterised life in the Borders at that time. There were however, three major events in the 16th century.
In 20th century, the increased ownership of the motor car after Second World War, led to an improved road network. All railways in the "Scottish Borders" were closed in the early 1960's under the "Beeching" cuts.
Peebles Hotel Hydro
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